Information Definition

Define what is Information?

1. info, information (noun)

a message received and understood.

    Synonyms: info

    subject matter, content, message, substance noun
    what a communication that is about something is about.


    ammunition noun
    information that can be used to attack or defend a claim or argument or viewpoint.

    factoid noun
    something resembling a fact; unverified (often invented) information that is given credibility because it appeared in print.

    misinformation noun
    information that is incorrect.

    material noun
    information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished form.

    details, inside information noun
    true confidential information.

    fact noun
    a statement or assertion of verified information about something that is the case or has happened.

    data format, data formatting, format, formatting noun
    the organization of information according to preset specifications (usually for computer processing).

    gen noun
    informal term for information.

    database noun
    an organized body of related information.

    news, tidings, Word, intelligence noun
    information about recent and important events.

    news noun
    informal information of any kind that is not previously known to someone.

    nuts and bolts noun
    detailed practical information about how something works or how something can be accomplished.

    intelligence information, intelligence noun
    secret information about an enemy (or potential enemy).

    confirmation noun
    information that confirms or verifies.

    insider information noun
    important information about the plans or condition of a corporation that has not been released to the public; use for personal profit is illegal.

    arcanum, secret noun
    information known only to a special group.

    secret noun
    something that should remain hidden from others (especially information that is not to be passed on).

    propaganda noun
    information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause.

    course of study, curriculum, syllabus, programme, program noun
    an integrated course of academic studies.

    news noun
    information reported in a newspaper or news magazine.

    evidence noun
    (law) all the means by which any alleged matter of fact whose truth is investigated at judicial trial is established or disproved.

    read-out, readout noun
    the information displayed or recorded on an electronic device.

    tabular matter, tabulation noun
    information set out in tabular form.

    skinny noun
    confidential information about a topic or person.

    stuff noun
    information in some unspecified form.

    report card, report noun
    a written evaluation of a student's scholarship and deportment.

    2. information (noun)

    knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction.


      cognition, knowledge, noesis noun
      the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning.


      data point, datum noun
      an item of factual information derived from measurement or research.

      acquaintance, conversance, conversancy, familiarity noun
      personal knowledge or information about someone or something.

      fact noun
      a piece of information about circumstances that exist or events that have occurred.

      example, instance, illustration, representative noun
      an item of information that is typical of a class or group.

      consideration, circumstance, condition noun
      information that should be kept in mind when making a decision.

      background knowledge, background noun
      information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem.

      descriptor noun
      a piece of stored information that is used to identify an item in an information storage and retrieval system.

      evidence, grounds noun
      your basis for belief or disbelief; knowledge on which to base belief.

      predictor noun
      information that supports a probabilistic estimate of future events.

      tip-off noun
      inside information that something is going to happen.

      stimulant, stimulus, stimulation, input noun
      any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action.

      3. information (noun)

      formal accusation of a crime.


        accusal, accusation noun
        a formal charge of wrongdoing brought against a person; the act of imputing blame or guilt.

        4. data, information (noun)

        a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn.

        • statistical data.
        Synonyms: data

        aggregation, collection, accumulation, assemblage noun
        several things grouped together or considered as a whole.


        accounting data noun
        all the data (ledgers and journals and spreadsheets) that support a financial statement; can be hard copy or machine readable.

        metadata noun
        data about data.

        raw data noun
        unanalyzed data; data not yet subjected to analysis.

        5. entropy, selective information, information (noun)

        (communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty of an outcome.

        • the signal contained thousands of bits of information.

        information measure noun
        a system of measurement of information based on the probabilities of the events that convey information.

        Nearby Terms

        information age (noun)
        a period beginning in the last quarter of the 20th century when information became easily accessible through publications and through the manipulation of information by computers and computer networks

        information bulletin (noun)
        a bulletin containing the latest information

        information gathering (noun)
        the act of collecting information

        information measure (noun)
        a system of measurement of information based on the probabilities of the events that convey information

        information processing (noun)
        the sciences concerned with gathering, manipulating, storing, retrieving, and classifying recorded information

        information processing system (noun)
        a machine for performing calculations automatically

        information return (noun)
        a return that provides information to the tax collector but does not compute the tax liability

        information science (noun)
        the sciences concerned with gathering, manipulating, storing, retrieving, and classifying recorded information

        information superhighway (noun)
        an extensive electronic network (such as the internet) used for the rapid transfer of sound and video and graphics in digital form

        information system (noun)
        system consisting of the network of all communication channels used within an organization

        information technology (noun)
        the branch of engineering that deals with the use of computers and telecommunications to retrieve and store and transmit information

        information theory (noun)
        (computer science) a statistical theory dealing with the limits and efficiency of information processing

        information warfare (noun)
        the use of information or information technology during a time of crisis or conflict to achieve or promote specific objectives over a specific adversary or adversaries

        informational (adjective)
        relating to or having the nature of information

        informational RNA (noun)
        the template for protein synthesis; the form of RNA that carries information from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome sites of protein synthesis in the cell