Case Definition

Define what is Case?

1. case, instance, example (noun)

an occurrence of something.

  • it was a case of bad judgment.
  • another instance occurred yesterday.
  • but there is always the famous example of the Smiths.
Synonyms: instance, example

happening, natural event, occurrence, occurrent noun
an event that happens.


humiliation, mortification noun
an instance in which you are caused to lose your prestige or self-respect.

bit, piece noun
an instance of some kind.

time, clip noun
an instance or single occasion for some event.

2. case (verb)

look over, usually with the intention to rob.

  • They men cased the housed.

inspect verb
look over carefully.

3. encase, incase, case (verb)

enclose in, or as if in, a case.

  • my feet were encased in mud.
Synonyms: encase, incase

inclose, shut in, close in, enclose verb
surround completely.


pack verb
arrange in a container.

box, package verb
put into a box.

sack verb
put in a sack.

crate verb
put into a crate; as for protection.

4. case, event (noun)

a special set of circumstances.

  • in that event, the first possibility is excluded.
  • it may rain in which case the picnic will be canceled.
Synonyms: event

circumstance noun
a condition that accompanies or influences some event or activity.

5. causa, lawsuit, suit, case, cause (noun)

a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy.

  • the family brought suit against the landlord.
Synonyms: causa, lawsuit, suit, cause

legal proceeding, proceeding, proceedings noun
(law) the institution of a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked.


civil suit noun
a lawsuit alleging violations of civil law by the defendant.

class-action suit, class action noun
a lawsuit brought by a representative member of a large group of people on behalf of all members of the group.

countersuit noun
a suit brought against someone who has sued you.

criminal suit noun
a lawsuit alleging violations of criminal law by the defendant.

moot noun
a hypothetical case that law students argue as an exercise.

bastardy proceeding, paternity suit noun
a lawsuit filed to determine the father of a child born out of wedlock (and to provide for the support of the child once paternity is determined).

6. case (noun)

the actual state of things.

  • that was not the case.

fact noun
a piece of information about circumstances that exist or events that have occurred.

7. case (noun)

a portable container for carrying several objects.

  • the musicians left their instrument cases backstage.

container noun
any object that can be used to hold things (especially a large metal boxlike object of standardized dimensions that can be loaded from one form of transport to another).


baggage, luggage noun
cases used to carry belongings when traveling.

briefcase noun
a case with a handle; for carrying papers or files or books.

cardcase noun
a small case for carrying business cards.

cigarette case noun
a small flat case for holding cigarettes; can be carried in a purse or a pocket.

compact, powder compact noun
a small cosmetics case with a mirror; to be carried in a woman's purse.

dispatch box, dispatch case noun
case consisting of an oblong container (usually having a lock) for carrying dispatches or other valuables.

glasses case noun
a case for carrying spectacles.

gun case noun
a case for storing a gun.

kit noun
a case for containing a set of articles.

letter case noun
case for carrying letters.

locket noun
a small ornamental case; usually contains a picture or a lock of hair and is worn on a necklace.

pillbox noun
a small case for holding pills.

portfolio noun
a large, flat, thin case for carrying loose papers or drawings or maps; usually leather.

quiver noun
case for holding arrows.

shoe noun
(card games) a case from which playing cards are dealt one at a time.

sleeve noun
small case into which an object fits.

billfold, notecase, wallet, pocketbook noun
a pocket-size case for holding papers and paper money.

watch case noun
the metal case in which the works of a watch are housed.

writing desk noun
a portable case containing writing materials and having a writing surface.

8. case (noun)

a person requiring professional services.

  • a typical case was the suburban housewife described by a marriage counselor.

individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul noun
a human being.


client noun
a person who seeks the advice of a lawyer.

patient noun
a person who requires medical care.

referral noun
a person whose case has been referred to a specialist or professional group.

charity case, welfare case noun
a case for a welfare worker.

9. guinea pig, subject, case (noun)

a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation.

  • the subjects for this investigation were selected randomly.
  • the cases that we studied were drawn from two different communities.
Synonyms: guinea pig, subject

individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul noun
a human being.

10. case (noun)

a problem requiring investigation.

  • Perry Mason solved the case of the missing heir.

problem noun
a question raised for consideration or solution.

11. case (noun)

a statement of facts and reasons used to support an argument.

  • he stated his case clearly.

argument, statement noun
a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true.

12. caseful, case (noun)

the quantity contained in a case.

    Synonyms: caseful

    containerful noun
    the quantity that a container will hold.

    13. grammatical case, case (noun)

    nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence.


      grammatical category, syntactic category noun
      (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties.


      nominative, nominative case, subject case noun
      the category of nouns serving as the grammatical subject of a verb.

      oblique, oblique case noun
      any grammatical case other than the nominative.

      14. case (noun)

      a specific state of mind that is temporary.

      • a case of the jitters.

      frame of mind, state of mind noun
      a temporary psychological state.

      15. eccentric, type, character, case (noun)

      a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities).

      • a real character.
      • a strange character.
      • a friendly eccentric.
      • the capable type.
      • a mental case.

      adult, grownup noun
      a fully developed person from maturity onward.

      16. font, fount, typeface, face, case (noun)

      a specific size and style of type within a type family.

        Synonyms: font, fount, typeface, face

        type noun
        printed characters.


        unicameral script noun
        a script with a single case.

        bicameral script noun
        a script having two distinct cases.

        constant-width font, fixed-width font, monospaced font, typewriter font noun
        a typeface is which each character is given the same width (as by a typewriter).

        proportional font noun
        any font whose different characters have different widths.

        cartridge font, font cartridge noun
        any font that is contained in a cartridge that can be plugged into a computer printer.

        black letter, Gothic noun
        a heavy typeface in use from 15th to 18th centuries.

        bold, bold face, boldface noun
        a typeface with thick heavy lines.

        Italic noun
        a typeface with letters slanting upward to the right.

        raster font, screen font noun
        the font that is displayed on a computer screen.

        Helvetica, sans serif noun
        a typeface in which characters have no serifs.

        17. sheath, case (noun)

        an enveloping structure or covering enclosing an animal or plant organ or part.

          Synonyms: sheath

          covering, natural covering, cover noun
          a natural object that covers or envelops.


          theca noun
          outer sheath of the pupa of certain insects.

          lorica noun
          a hard protective sheath (as secreted by certain protoctists, for example).

          medullary sheath, myelin sheath noun
          a layer of myelin encasing (and insulating) the axons of medullated nerve fibers.

          neurilemma, neurolemma noun
          thin membranous sheath around a nerve fiber.

          husk noun
          outer membranous covering of some fruits or seeds.

          18. casing, shell, case (noun)

          the housing or outer covering of something.

          • the clock has a walnut case.
          Synonyms: casing, shell

          housing noun
          a protective cover designed to contain or support a mechanical component.


          boot noun
          protective casing for something that resembles a leg.

          gear box, gear case, gearbox noun
          the shell (metal casing) in which a train of gears is sealed.

          jacket noun
          the tough metal shell casing for certain kinds of ammunition.

          19. casing, case (noun)

          the enclosing frame around a door or window opening.

          • the casings had rotted away and had to be replaced.
          Synonyms: casing

          framework noun
          a structure supporting or containing something.

          20. compositor's case, typesetter's case, case (noun)

          (printing) the receptacle in which a compositor has his type, which is divided into compartments for the different letters, spaces, or numbers.

          • for English, a compositor will ordinarily have two such cases, the upper case containing the capitals and the lower case containing the small letters.

          receptacle noun
          a container that is used to put or keep things in.

          21. pillow slip, pillowcase, slip, case (noun)

          bed linen consisting of a cover for a pillow.

          • the burglar carried his loot in a pillowcase.

          bed linen noun
          linen or cotton articles for a bed (as sheets and pillowcases).

          22. display case, vitrine, showcase, case (noun)

          a glass container used to store and display items in a shop or museum or home.


            container noun
            any object that can be used to hold things (especially a large metal boxlike object of standardized dimensions that can be loaded from one form of transport to another).


            trophy case noun
            a case in which to display trophies.

            Nearby Terms

            case agreement (noun)
            agreement in grammatical case between words in the same construction

            case history (noun)
            detailed record of the background of a person or group under study or treatment

            case in point (noun)
            an example that is used to justify similar occurrences at a later time

            case knife (noun)
            a metal blade with a handle; used as cutlery

            case law (noun)
            a system of jurisprudence based on judicial precedents rather than statutory laws

            case load (noun)
            the number of cases handled in a given period of time (as by a court or agency)

            case officer (noun)
            an operative who also serves as an official staffer of an intelligence service

            case shot (noun)
            a metallic cylinder packed with shot and used as ammunition in a firearm

            case study (noun)
            a careful study of some social unit (as a corporation or division within a corporation) that attempts to determine what factors led to its success or failure

            case-by-case (adjective satellite)
            separate and distinct from others of the same kind

            case-fatality proportion (noun)
            the number of cases of a disease ending in death divided by the number of cases of the disease; usually expressed as a percentage or as the number of deaths per 1000 cases

            case-hardened (adjective satellite)
            used of persons; emotionally hardened

            case-hardened steel (noun)
            steel with a surface that is much harder than the interior metal

            case-to-infection proportion (noun)
            the number of cases of a disease divided by the number of infections with the agent that causes the disease

            case-to-infection ratio (noun)
            the number of cases of a disease divided by the number of infections with the agent that causes the disease