Case Definition

Define what is Case?

1. case, instance, example (noun)

an occurrence of something.

  • it was a case of bad judgment.
  • another instance occurred yesterday.
  • but there is always the famous example of the Smiths.
Synonyms: instance, example
Hypernyms

happening, natural event, occurrence, occurrent noun
an event that happens.

Hyponyms

humiliation, mortification noun
an instance in which you are caused to lose your prestige or self-respect.

bit, piece noun
an instance of some kind.

time, clip noun
an instance or single occasion for some event.

2. case (verb)

look over, usually with the intention to rob.

  • They men cased the housed.
Hypernyms

inspect verb
look over carefully.

3. encase, incase, case (verb)

enclose in, or as if in, a case.

  • my feet were encased in mud.
Synonyms: encase, incase
Hypernyms

inclose, shut in, close in, enclose verb
surround completely.

Hyponyms

pack verb
arrange in a container.

box, package verb
put into a box.

sack verb
put in a sack.

crate verb
put into a crate; as for protection.

4. case, event (noun)

a special set of circumstances.

  • in that event, the first possibility is excluded.
  • it may rain in which case the picnic will be canceled.
Synonyms: event
Hypernyms

circumstance noun
a condition that accompanies or influences some event or activity.

5. causa, lawsuit, suit, case, cause (noun)

a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy.

  • the family brought suit against the landlord.
Synonyms: causa, lawsuit, suit, cause
Hypernyms

legal proceeding, proceeding, proceedings noun
(law) the institution of a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked.

Hyponyms

civil suit noun
a lawsuit alleging violations of civil law by the defendant.

class-action suit, class action noun
a lawsuit brought by a representative member of a large group of people on behalf of all members of the group.

countersuit noun
a suit brought against someone who has sued you.

criminal suit noun
a lawsuit alleging violations of criminal law by the defendant.

moot noun
a hypothetical case that law students argue as an exercise.

bastardy proceeding, paternity suit noun
a lawsuit filed to determine the father of a child born out of wedlock (and to provide for the support of the child once paternity is determined).

6. case (noun)

the actual state of things.

  • that was not the case.
Hypernyms

fact noun
a piece of information about circumstances that exist or events that have occurred.

7. case (noun)

a portable container for carrying several objects.

  • the musicians left their instrument cases backstage.
Hypernyms

container noun
any object that can be used to hold things (especially a large metal boxlike object of standardized dimensions that can be loaded from one form of transport to another).

Hyponyms

baggage, luggage noun
cases used to carry belongings when traveling.

briefcase noun
a case with a handle; for carrying papers or files or books.

cardcase noun
a small case for carrying business cards.

cigarette case noun
a small flat case for holding cigarettes; can be carried in a purse or a pocket.

compact, powder compact noun
a small cosmetics case with a mirror; to be carried in a woman's purse.

dispatch box, dispatch case noun
case consisting of an oblong container (usually having a lock) for carrying dispatches or other valuables.

glasses case noun
a case for carrying spectacles.

gun case noun
a case for storing a gun.

kit noun
a case for containing a set of articles.

letter case noun
case for carrying letters.

locket noun
a small ornamental case; usually contains a picture or a lock of hair and is worn on a necklace.

pillbox noun
a small case for holding pills.

portfolio noun
a large, flat, thin case for carrying loose papers or drawings or maps; usually leather.

quiver noun
case for holding arrows.

shoe noun
(card games) a case from which playing cards are dealt one at a time.

sleeve noun
small case into which an object fits.

billfold, notecase, wallet, pocketbook noun
a pocket-size case for holding papers and paper money.

watch case noun
the metal case in which the works of a watch are housed.

writing desk noun
a portable case containing writing materials and having a writing surface.

8. case (noun)

a person requiring professional services.

  • a typical case was the suburban housewife described by a marriage counselor.
Hypernyms

individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul noun
a human being.

Hyponyms

client noun
a person who seeks the advice of a lawyer.

patient noun
a person who requires medical care.

referral noun
a person whose case has been referred to a specialist or professional group.

charity case, welfare case noun
a case for a welfare worker.

9. guinea pig, subject, case (noun)

a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation.

  • the subjects for this investigation were selected randomly.
  • the cases that we studied were drawn from two different communities.
Synonyms: guinea pig, subject
Hypernyms

individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul noun
a human being.

10. case (noun)

a problem requiring investigation.

  • Perry Mason solved the case of the missing heir.
Hypernyms

problem noun
a question raised for consideration or solution.

11. case (noun)

a statement of facts and reasons used to support an argument.

  • he stated his case clearly.
Hypernyms

argument, statement noun
a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true.

12. caseful, case (noun)

the quantity contained in a case.

    Synonyms: caseful
    Hypernyms

    containerful noun
    the quantity that a container will hold.

    13. grammatical case, case (noun)

    nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence.

      Hypernyms

      grammatical category, syntactic category noun
      (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties.

      Hyponyms

      nominative, nominative case, subject case noun
      the category of nouns serving as the grammatical subject of a verb.

      oblique, oblique case noun
      any grammatical case other than the nominative.

      14. case (noun)

      a specific state of mind that is temporary.

      • a case of the jitters.
      Hypernyms

      frame of mind, state of mind noun
      a temporary psychological state.

      15. eccentric, type, character, case (noun)

      a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities).

      • a real character.
      • a strange character.
      • a friendly eccentric.
      • the capable type.
      • a mental case.
      Hypernyms

      adult, grownup noun
      a fully developed person from maturity onward.

      16. font, fount, typeface, face, case (noun)

      a specific size and style of type within a type family.

        Synonyms: font, fount, typeface, face
        Hypernyms

        type noun
        printed characters.

        Hyponyms

        unicameral script noun
        a script with a single case.

        bicameral script noun
        a script having two distinct cases.

        constant-width font, fixed-width font, monospaced font, typewriter font noun
        a typeface is which each character is given the same width (as by a typewriter).

        proportional font noun
        any font whose different characters have different widths.

        cartridge font, font cartridge noun
        any font that is contained in a cartridge that can be plugged into a computer printer.

        black letter, Gothic noun
        a heavy typeface in use from 15th to 18th centuries.

        bold, bold face, boldface noun
        a typeface with thick heavy lines.

        Italic noun
        a typeface with letters slanting upward to the right.

        raster font, screen font noun
        the font that is displayed on a computer screen.

        Helvetica, sans serif noun
        a typeface in which characters have no serifs.

        17. sheath, case (noun)

        an enveloping structure or covering enclosing an animal or plant organ or part.

          Synonyms: sheath
          Hypernyms

          covering, natural covering, cover noun
          a natural object that covers or envelops.

          Hyponyms

          theca noun
          outer sheath of the pupa of certain insects.

          lorica noun
          a hard protective sheath (as secreted by certain protoctists, for example).

          medullary sheath, myelin sheath noun
          a layer of myelin encasing (and insulating) the axons of medullated nerve fibers.

          neurilemma, neurolemma noun
          thin membranous sheath around a nerve fiber.

          husk noun
          outer membranous covering of some fruits or seeds.

          18. casing, shell, case (noun)

          the housing or outer covering of something.

          • the clock has a walnut case.
          Synonyms: casing, shell
          Hypernyms

          housing noun
          a protective cover designed to contain or support a mechanical component.

          Hyponyms

          boot noun
          protective casing for something that resembles a leg.

          gear box, gear case, gearbox noun
          the shell (metal casing) in which a train of gears is sealed.

          jacket noun
          the tough metal shell casing for certain kinds of ammunition.

          19. casing, case (noun)

          the enclosing frame around a door or window opening.

          • the casings had rotted away and had to be replaced.
          Synonyms: casing
          Hypernyms

          framework noun
          a structure supporting or containing something.

          20. compositor's case, typesetter's case, case (noun)

          (printing) the receptacle in which a compositor has his type, which is divided into compartments for the different letters, spaces, or numbers.

          • for English, a compositor will ordinarily have two such cases, the upper case containing the capitals and the lower case containing the small letters.
          Hypernyms

          receptacle noun
          a container that is used to put or keep things in.

          21. pillow slip, pillowcase, slip, case (noun)

          bed linen consisting of a cover for a pillow.

          • the burglar carried his loot in a pillowcase.
          Hypernyms

          bed linen noun
          linen or cotton articles for a bed (as sheets and pillowcases).

          22. display case, vitrine, showcase, case (noun)

          a glass container used to store and display items in a shop or museum or home.

            Hypernyms

            container noun
            any object that can be used to hold things (especially a large metal boxlike object of standardized dimensions that can be loaded from one form of transport to another).

            Hyponyms

            trophy case noun
            a case in which to display trophies.

            Nearby Terms

            case agreement (noun)
            agreement in grammatical case between words in the same construction

            case history (noun)
            detailed record of the background of a person or group under study or treatment

            case in point (noun)
            an example that is used to justify similar occurrences at a later time

            case knife (noun)
            a metal blade with a handle; used as cutlery

            case law (noun)
            a system of jurisprudence based on judicial precedents rather than statutory laws

            case load (noun)
            the number of cases handled in a given period of time (as by a court or agency)

            case officer (noun)
            an operative who also serves as an official staffer of an intelligence service

            case shot (noun)
            a metallic cylinder packed with shot and used as ammunition in a firearm

            case study (noun)
            a careful study of some social unit (as a corporation or division within a corporation) that attempts to determine what factors led to its success or failure

            case-by-case (adjective satellite)
            separate and distinct from others of the same kind

            case-fatality proportion (noun)
            the number of cases of a disease ending in death divided by the number of cases of the disease; usually expressed as a percentage or as the number of deaths per 1000 cases

            case-hardened (adjective satellite)
            used of persons; emotionally hardened

            case-hardened steel (noun)
            steel with a surface that is much harder than the interior metal

            case-to-infection proportion (noun)
            the number of cases of a disease divided by the number of infections with the agent that causes the disease

            case-to-infection ratio (noun)
            the number of cases of a disease divided by the number of infections with the agent that causes the disease