Part of Speech in English

Word class / Lexical class / Lexical category

English words have been traditionally classified into eight parts of speech [also word classes or lexical categories] noun, verb, adjective, pronoun, adverb, preposition, conjunction and interjection.


Noun: a part of speech inflected for case, signifying a concrete or abstract entity such as a person, place, thing or idea.

Verb: any action, occurrence, or process.

Adjective: any qualifier of a noun.

Adverb: any qualifier of an adjective, verb, clause, sentence, or other adverb.

Pronoun: any substitute for a noun or noun phrase.

  • you
  • he
  • she
  • that

Preposition: any establisher of relation and syntactic context.

  • with
  • from
  • throughout
  • until

Interjection: any word used to express an emotion or sentiment.

  • cheers
  • hooray
  • well
  • oh

Conjunction: any syntactic connector (F-A-N-B-O-Y-S).

  • For
  • And
  • Nor
  • But
  • Or
  • Yet
  • So

The four main parts of speech in English, namely nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs.